Jisho

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Noun
1. settlement; village; community; town
2. (bacterial) colonyBiology term, Only applies to しゅうらく
Wikipedia definition
3. Human settlementA settlement is a general term used in archaeology, geography, landscape history and other subjects for a permanent or temporary community in which people live, without being specific as to size, population or importance. A settlement can therefore range in size from a small number of dwellings grouped together to the largest of cities with surrounding urbanized areas. The term may include hamlets, villages, towns and cities.
Read “Human settlement” on English Wikipedia
Read “集落” on Japanese Wikipedia
Read “Human settlement” on DBpedia
Other forms
聚落 【しゅうらく】聚落 【じゅらく】

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