Jisho

×

9 strokes
Radical:
eat, food 食 (飠)
Parts:
eat, food
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
328 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 食 【ショク】 meal, (one's) diet, food, foodstuff, foodstuffs, eclipse (solar, lunar, etc.)
  • 食堂 【ショクドウ】 dining room, dining hall, cafeteria, messroom, restaurant, eatery, snack bar, diner
  • 飽食 【ホウショク】 gluttony, satiation, engorgement
  • 会食 【カイショク】 dining together, mess
  • 食堂 【ジキドウ】 dining hall (at a temple)
  • 食封 【ジキフ】 stipend given to a designated person, such as a noble, and which was paid by a designated household (ritsuryo system)
  • 断食 【ダンジキ】 fasting, fast
  • 斎食 【サイジキ】 morning meal (for priests, monks, etc.), food offering at a Buddhist ceremony

Kun reading compounds

  • 食う 【くう】 to eat, to live, to make a living, to survive, to bite, to sting (as insects do), to tease, to torment, to taunt, to make light of, to make fun of, to encroach on, to eat into, to consume, to defeat a superior, to threaten a position, to consume time and-or resources, to receive something (usu. an unfavourable event), to have sexual relations with a woman, esp. for the first time
  • 食うや食わず 【くうやくわず】 (living) from hand to mouth, living on the fringe of subsistance
  • 食らう 【くらう】 to eat, to drink, to receive (e.g. a blow)
  • 食べる 【たべる】 to eat, to live on (e.g. a salary), to live off, to subsist on
  • 食む 【はむ】 to eat (fodder, grass, etc.), to receive (a salary), to receive a stipend from one's lord

Readings

Japanese names:
ぐい
Chinese:
shi2, si4
Korean:
sig, sa

Spanish

  • alimento
  • comida
  • eclipse
  • comer

Portuguese

  • comer
  • comida
  • alimento

French

  • manger
  • nourriture
253 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
163 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
146 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
269 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5154 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
283 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
99 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1159 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.13 Japanese for Busy People
322 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
322 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
131 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1900 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2578 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1316 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1787 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1484 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
44014 Morohashi
2075 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6674 New Nelson (John Haig)
1472 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1582 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
207 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
180 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2865 2001 Kanji
8b0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-7 SKIP code
8073.2 Four corner code
31-9 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
98df Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
knife, sword 刀 (刂)
Parts:
in front, before
Kun:
まえ-まえ
On:
ゼン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
27 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 前 【ゼン】 the last (i.e. immediately preceding) (e.g. "the last mayor"), previous, one-time, former, pre- (e.g. "premodern"), before, earlier
  • 前者 【ゼンシャ】 the former
  • 空前 【クウゼン】 unprecedented, record-breaking
  • 中前 【チュウゼン】 front of center field, front of centre field

Kun reading compounds

  • 前 【まえ】 ago, before (some event), previously, (minutes) to (the hour), in front (of), before (e.g. the house), head (of a line), front (e.g. of a bus), fore part, in the presence of, helping, portion, privates, private parts
  • 前売り 【まえうり】 advance sale, booking
  • 昼前 【ひるまえ】 morning, forenoon, just before noon
  • 一人前 【いちにんまえ】 one portion, one serving, one person, adult, grown-up, person who has come of age, fully fledged, established, qualified

Readings

Japanese names:
さき、 さと、 まい
Chinese:
qian2
Korean:
jeon

Spanish

  • antes
  • delante de

Portuguese

  • em frente
  • antes

French

  • devant
  • avant
102 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
177 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
159 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
38 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
595 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
139 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
23 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
921 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.3 Japanese for Busy People
47 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
47 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
29 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
196 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2819 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1453 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1957 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
296 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2011X Morohashi
2266 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
490 New Nelson (John Haig)
290 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
309 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
53 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
182 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
943 2001 Kanji
2o7.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-6 SKIP code
2-2-7 SKIP code
8022.1 Four corner code
33-16 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
524d Unicode hex code