Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
cave
Parts:
empty, sky, void, vacant, vacuum
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N4
304 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 空 【クウ】 empty air, sky, shunyata, emptiness, the lack of an immutable intrinsic nature within any phenomenon, air force, fruitlessness, meaninglessness, void (one of the five elements), empty (e.g. set)
  • 空気 【クウキ】 air, atmosphere, mood, situation, someone with no presence, someone who doesn't stand out at all
  • 領空 【リョウクウ】 territorial airspace
  • 防空 【ボウクウ】 air defense, air defence

Kun reading compounds

  • 空 【そら】 sky, the air, the heavens, weather, far-off place, distant place, state of mind, feeling, (from) memory, (by) heart, falsehood, lie, somehow, vaguely, fake
  • うろ覚え 【うろおぼえ】 vague recollection, faint memory, rote memorization, rote memorisation
  • 定めなき空 【さだめなきそら】 changeable weather
  • 光に満ちた空 【ひかりにみちたそら】 sky suffused with light
  • 開く 【あく】 to open (e.g. doors), to open (e.g. business, etc.), to be empty, to be vacant, to be available, to be free, to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.), to have been opened (of one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to come to an end, to open (one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to have a hole, to form a gap, to have an interval (between events)
  • 空き 【あき】 space, room, gap, emptiness, vacancy, opening, empty seat, free time, time to spare, disuse, unused thing
  • 空き缶 【あきかん】 empty can
  • 開ける 【あける】 to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock, to open (for business, etc.), to empty, to remove, to make space, to make room, to move out, to clear out, to be away from (e.g. one's house), to leave (temporarily), to dawn, to grow light, to end (of a period, season), to begin (of the New Year), to leave (one's schedule) open, to make time (for), to make (a hole), to open up (a hole)
  • 空 【から】 emptiness, vacuum, blank
  • 空っぽ 【からっぽ】 empty, vacant, hollow
  • もぬけの殻 【もぬけのから】 completely empty, vacant, deserted, (everything) gone
  • 空く 【すく】 to become less crowded, to thin out, to get empty, to be hungry
  • 空かす 【すかす】 to feel hungry, to get hungry
  • 虚しい 【むなしい】 empty, void, vacant, vain, fruitless, futile, ineffective, lifeless
  • 虚しい名声 【むなしいめいせい】 empty name

Readings

Japanese names:
うつ、 き、 く
Chinese:
kong1, kong4
Korean:
gong

Spanish

  • cielo
  • atmósfera
  • vacío
  • vacante
  • quedarse vacío
  • vaciar

Portuguese

  • esvaziar
  • ceú
  • desocupado
  • vazio
  • vácuo

French

  • vide
  • ciel
  • vacant
  • creux
65 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
66 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
15 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
233 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3317 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
184 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
77 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
723 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.17 Japanese for Busy People
140 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
140 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
461 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1452 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2767 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1418 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1913 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1327 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
25415 Morohashi
2227 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4192 New Nelson (John Haig)
1317 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1414 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
304 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
73 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
772 2001 Kanji
3m5.12 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-5 SKIP code
2-5-3 SKIP code
3010.1 Four corner code
22-85 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7a7a Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
den, cave, excavation
Kun:
ほら
On:
ドウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1618 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 洞察 【ドウサツ】 discernment, insight
  • 洞穴 【ドウケツ】 cave, den, grotto
  • 空洞 【クウドウ】 cave, hollow, cavity, hollow
  • 風洞 【フウドウ】 wind tunnel

Kun reading compounds

  • 洞 【ほら】 cave, den, grotto
  • 洞穴 【どうけつ】 cave, den, grotto

Readings

Japanese names:
とう
Chinese:
dong4
Korean:
dong, tong

Spanish

  • cavidad
  • hueco
  • excavación
  • prever

Portuguese

  • gruta
  • caverna
  • escavação

French

  • antre
  • grotte
  • excavation
1661 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1756 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2546 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1468 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
821 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1301 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1380 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1844 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1191 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
455 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
280 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
340 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
183 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17386 Morohashi
380 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3125 New Nelson (John Haig)
181 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
193 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1276 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
349 2001 Kanji
3a6.25 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-6 SKIP code
3712.0 Four corner code
38-22 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6d1e Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
spoon
Parts:
change, take the form of, influence, enchant, delude, -ization
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
89 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 化 【カ】 action of making something, -ification
  • 化学 【カガク】 chemistry, chemical company (e.g. Acme Chemical Co.)
  • 酸化 【サンカ】 oxidation, oxidization
  • 退化 【タイカ】 degeneration, retrogression
  • 化粧 【ケショウ】 make-up, makeup, cosmetics
  • 化粧水 【ケショウスイ】 face lotion
  • 大時化 【オオシケ】 very stormy weather (at sea), very poor catch of fish (due to stormy seas)
  • 応化 【オウゲ】 assumption of a suitable form (by a buddha or bodhisattva)

Kun reading compounds

  • 化ける 【ばける】 to take the form of (esp. in ref. to a spirit, fox, raccoon dog, etc.), to assume the shape of, to turn oneself into, to transform oneself into, to disguise oneself as, to change radically, to metamorphose, to improve unexpectedly and dramatically (esp. of an actor, artist, rikishi, etc.)
  • 化かす 【ばかす】 to bewitch, to confuse, to enchant, to delude
  • 老ける 【ふける】 to age, to grow old (esp. in appearance), to show marks of age

Readings

Chinese:
hua4
Korean:
hwa

Spanish

  • cambiar
  • transformarse
  • modificarse
  • disfrazarse

Portuguese

  • mudança
  • tomar a forma de
  • influência
  • encantar
  • iludir
  • seduzir
  • -isação

French

  • transformation
  • prendre la forme de
  • maquillage
  • influence
  • fantôme
  • enchanter
  • tromper
  • chimie
  • -isation
163 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
258 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
238 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
100 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
350 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
76 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
378 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
56 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.19 Japanese for Busy People
254 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
254 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
414 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
55 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
22 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1017 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2572X Morohashi
21 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
580 New Nelson (John Haig)
1008 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1083 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
104 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
242 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2156 2001 Kanji
2a2.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-2 SKIP code
2121.0 Four corner code
2421.0 Four corner code
18-29 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5316 Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
jade (king) 玉 (王)
Parts:
present, existing, actual
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
85 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 現 【ゲン】 present (e.g. government, administration), current, existing
  • 現金 【ゲンキン】 cash, ready money, money on hand, currency, mercenary, self-interested, calculating
  • 再現 【サイゲン】 reappearance, reemergence, return, revival, reproduction, reenactment, recreation
  • 体現 【タイゲン】 personification, impersonation, embodiment

Kun reading compounds

  • 現れる 【あらわれる】 to appear, to come in sight, to become visible, to come out, to embody, to materialize, to materialise, to be expressed (e.g. emotions), to become apparent (e.g. trends, effects)
  • 表す 【あらわす】 to represent, to signify, to stand for, to reveal, to show, to display, to express, to make widely known
  • 現つ 【うつつ】 reality, consciousness
  • 現責め 【うつつぜめ】 sleep deprivation (as a form of torture)
  • 現つ 【うつつ】 reality, consciousness
  • 現責め 【うつつぜめ】 sleep deprivation (as a form of torture)

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 きら
Chinese:
xian4
Korean:
hyeon

Spanish

  • presente
  • actual
  • real
  • aparecer
  • hacerse visible
  • mostrarse
  • manifestar
  • expresar

Portuguese

  • presente
  • exist6encia
  • realidade

French

  • le présent
  • existant
  • actuel
  • montrer
602 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
692 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
666 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
82 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2943 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
495 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
735 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1360 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
298 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
298 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
578 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1320 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1218 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
657 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
879 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
265 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
21004 Morohashi
968 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3645 New Nelson (John Haig)
259 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
275 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
67 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
732 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3157 2001 Kanji
4f7.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-7 SKIP code
1611.0 Four corner code
24-29 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
73fe Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
pig
Parts:
elephant, pattern after, imitate, image, shape, sign (of the times)
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
394 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 象 【ショウ】 phenomenon
  • 将棋 【ショウギ】 shogi, Japanese chess, xianqi
  • 抽象 【チュウショウ】 abstract
  • 具象 【グショウ】 embodying, expressing concretely
  • 象 【ゾウ】 elephant (Elephantidae spp.)
  • 象牙 【ゾウゲ】 ivory
  • アジア象 【アジアゾウ】 Asian elephant, Indian elephant
  • 海象 【セイウチ】 walrus (Odobenus rosmarus), elephant seal (Mirounga spp.)

Kun reading compounds

  • 象る 【かたどる】 to model on, to make in the shape of, to represent, to pattern after, to imitate, to symbolise

Readings

Japanese names:
きさ
Chinese:
xiang4
Korean:
sang

Spanish

  • imagen
  • imitar
  • forma
  • figura
  • elefante

Portuguese

  • elefante
  • modelar
  • imitar
  • imagem
  • forma
  • sinal (dos tempos)

French

  • éléphant
  • modèle
  • imiter
  • image
  • forme
  • signe (des temps)
  • phénomène
663 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
540 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
533 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
575 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4472 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
809 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
916 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1761 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
739 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
752 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
939 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1718 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2647 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1350 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1831 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1995 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
36372 Morohashi
2134 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5744 New Nelson (John Haig)
1976 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2130 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
591 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2551 2001 Kanji
2n10.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-10 SKIP code
2-6-6 SKIP code
2723.2 Four corner code
30-61 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8c61 Unicode hex code