Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
sun, day
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 明 【メイ】 brightness, clarity, acumen, power of vision
  • 明確 【メイカク】 clear, precise, definite, distinct
  • 文明 【ブンメイ】 civilization, civilisation, culture, Bunmei era (1469.4.28-1487.7.20)
  • 松明 【タイマツ】 torch (made of pine, bamboo, reed, etc.), flambeau, torchlight
  • 明 【ミョウ】 vidya (wisdom), mantra, the coming (4th of July, etc.)
  • 明日 【アシタ】 tomorrow, near future
  • 光明 【コウミョウ】 bright light, hope, bright future, light emanating from a buddha or bodhisattva, symbolizing their wisdom and compassion
  • 内明 【ナイミョウ】 adhyatmavidya (inner studies, ancient Indian philosophy)
  • 明 【ミン】 Ming (dynasty of China, 1368-1644)
  • 明楽 【ミンガク】 Ming-era Chinese music (popularized in Japan during the early 17th century)

Kun reading compounds

  • 明かり 【あかり】 light, illumination, glow, gleam, lamp, light
  • 明かり窓 【あかりまど】 transom, skylight, dormer window
  • 明るい 【あかるい】 bright, colourful, cheerful, familiar (with), knowledgeable (about), fair (e.g. politics), clean
  • 明るむ 【あかるむ】 to brighten, to be refreshed
  • 明らむ 【あからむ】 to become luminous at dawn (esp. the sky)
  • 明らか 【あきらか】 obvious, evident, clear, plain
  • 明らかにする 【あきらかにする】 to make clear, to clarify, to disclose, to make public
  • 開ける 【あける】 to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock, to open (for business, etc.), to empty, to remove, to make space, to make room, to move out, to clear out, to be away from (e.g. one's house), to leave (temporarily), to dawn, to grow light, to end (of a period, season), to begin (of the New Year), to leave (one's schedule) open, to make time (for), to make (a hole), to open up (a hole)
  • 開く 【あく】 to open (e.g. doors), to open (e.g. business, etc.), to be empty, to be vacant, to be available, to be free, to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.), to have been opened (of one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to come to an end, to open (one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to have a hole, to form a gap, to have an interval (between events)
  • 明くる 【あくる】 next, following
  • 明くる 【あくる】 next, following
  • 明くる日 【あくるひ】 next day, following day
  • 明かす 【あかす】 to pass (e.g. the night), to spend, to reveal, to divulge

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 あけ、 あす、 きら、 け、 さや、 さやか、 とし、 はる、 み、 め
Chinese:
ming2
Korean:
myeong

Spanish

  • luz
  • brillo
  • claridad
  • listo
  • inteligente
  • claro
  • luminoso
  • iluminar
  • aclarar

Portuguese

  • brilhante
  • luz

French

  • clair
  • lumière
141 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
228 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
208 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
84 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2110 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
58 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
186 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
623 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.9 Japanese for Busy People
18 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
18 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
106 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
984 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1060 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
572 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
756 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
20 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13805 Morohashi
855 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2435 New Nelson (John Haig)
20 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
20 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
152 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
167 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3846 2001 Kanji
4c4.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-4 SKIP code
6702.0 Four corner code
44-32 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
660e Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
reign, be at peace, calm down, subdue, quell, govt, cure, heal, rule, conserve
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
109 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 治療 【チリョウ】 medical treatment, cure
  • 治安 【ジアン】 Jian era (1021.2.2-1024.7.13)
  • 完治 【カンチ】 complete recovery
  • 政党政治 【セイトウセイジ】 party politics
  • 治療 【チリョウ】 medical treatment, cure
  • 治癒 【チユ】 healing, cure, recovery
  • 完治 【カンチ】 complete recovery
  • 地方自治 【チホウジチ】 local (governmental) autonomy

Kun reading compounds

  • 治める 【おさめる】 to govern, to manage, to subdue
  • 治まる 【おさまる】 to die down (storm, anger, conflict, etc.), to calm down, to cool off, to abate, to be settled, to be brought under control, to be at peace, to be governed well, to subside (of pain, symptoms, etc.), to be alleviated, to get better, to ease off
  • 治る 【なおる】 to be cured, to get well, to be healed, to get mended, to be repaired, to be fixed
  • 治す 【なおす】 to cure, to heal, to fix, to correct, to repair, to do over again (after -masu base of verb), to replace, to put back as it was, to convert (into a different state), to transform

Readings

Japanese names:
し、 ぢ、 はり、 はる、 みち
Chinese:
zhi4
Korean:
chi

Spanish

  • reinar
  • gobernar
  • política
  • curar
  • calmar
  • curarse

Portuguese

  • reino
  • estar em paz
  • acalmar-se
  • subjugar
  • domar
  • governo
  • cura
  • regra
  • conservar

French

  • règne
  • être en paix
  • se calmer
  • maîtriser
  • réprimer
  • gouvernement
  • guérir
  • réparer
  • préserver
468 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
527 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
544 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
181 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2528 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
214 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
672 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
825 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
493 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
502 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
531 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1174 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
393 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
250 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
297 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
754 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17256 Morohashi
335 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3100 New Nelson (John Haig)
746 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
807 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
88 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
506 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
377 2001 Kanji
3a5.28 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-5 SKIP code
3316.0 Four corner code
28-3 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6cbb Unicode hex code

16 strokes
Radical:
grass 艸 (艹)
Parts:
Variants:
medicine, chemical, enamel, gunpowder, benefit
Kun:
くすり
On:
ヤク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
702 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 薬 【ヤク】 dope, narcotic, drug
  • 薬品 【ヤクヒン】 medicine, chemicals
  • 麻薬 【マヤク】 narcotic, drug, dope
  • 製薬 【セイヤク】 medicine manufacture, drug manufacture

Kun reading compounds

  • 薬 【くすり】 medicine, pharmaceuticals, (legal) drugs, pill, ointment, salve, efficacious chemical (gunpowder, pesticide, etc.), (pottery) glaze, small bribe
  • 薬指 【くすりゆび】 ring finger, fourth finger
  • 良く効く薬 【よくきくくすり】 very efficacious medicine

Readings

Japanese names:
Chinese:
yao4
Korean:
yag

Spanish

  • medicina
  • droga

Portuguese

  • remédio
  • produto químico
  • esmalte
  • pólvora
  • benefício

French

  • médicament
  • produit chimique
  • émail
  • poudre à canon
  • bénéfice
521 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
420 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
398 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
541 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4074 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
323 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
247 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2568 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.6 Japanese for Busy People
359 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
360 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
315 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
672 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3011 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1539 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2100 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1752 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
32188PX Morohashi
2375 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5224 New Nelson (John Haig)
1736 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1873 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
439 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1964 2001 Kanji
3k13.15 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-13 SKIP code
4490.4 Four corner code
44-84 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
85ac Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
grain
Parts:
department, course, section
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
531 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 科 【カ】 department, section, faculty, school, arm, course (of study), branch of study, specialization, (taxonomical) family
  • 科学 【カガク】 science
  • 小児科 【ショウニカ】 pediatrics
  • 歯科 【シカ】 dentistry

Readings

Japanese names:
しな
Chinese:
ke1
Korean:
gwa

Spanish

  • departamento
  • curso
  • materia
  • falta
  • delito

Portuguese

  • departamento
  • curso
  • seção

French

  • département
  • section
  • cours
  • science
164 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
87 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
81 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
350 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3272 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
385 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
778 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
877 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.20 Japanese for Busy People
320 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
320 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
565 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1430 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1463 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
775 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1053 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1187 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
24950 Morohashi
1138 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4130 New Nelson (John Haig)
1179 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1263 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
369 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
170 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2255 2001 Kanji
5d4.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-4 SKIP code
2490.0 Four corner code
18-42 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
79d1 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
big, very
Parts:
large, big
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
7 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 大 【ダイ】 the large part of, big, large, great, approximate size, no larger than, -university, large (e.g. serving size), loud (e.g. volume setting)
  • 大学 【ダイガク】 post-secondary education institution, incl. university, college, etc., former central university of Kyoto (established under the ritsuryo system for the training of government administrators), the Great Learning (one of the Four Books)
  • 膨大 【ボウダイ】 huge, vast, enormous, colossal, extensive, large, swelling, expansion
  • 雄大 【ユウダイ】 grand, magnificent, majestic, great, sublime
  • 大切 【タイセツ】 important, necessary, indispensable, beloved, precious, dear, cherished, valuable, careful
  • 大使館 【タイシカン】 embassy
  • 負荷増大 【フカゾウタイ】 load increase
  • 御大 【オンタイ】 boss, governor

Kun reading compounds

  • 大きい 【おおきい】 big, large, great, loud

Readings

Japanese names:
うふ、 お、 おう、 た、 たかし、 とも、 はじめ、 ひろ、 ひろし、 まさ、 まさる、 もと、 わ
Chinese:
da4, dai4
Korean:
dae, da, tae

Spanish

  • grande
  • muy
  • mucho

Portuguese

  • grande
  • enorme

French

  • grand
22 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
25 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
53 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
7 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1171 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
32 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
40 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
48 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.2 Japanese for Busy People
26 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
26 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
87 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
408 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4224 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2133 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2882 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
108 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5831 Morohashi
3416 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1133 New Nelson (John Haig)
107 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
112 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
5 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
14 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1463 2001 Kanji
0a3.18 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-4 SKIP code
4003.0 Four corner code
34-71 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5927 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
child, seed
Parts:
Variants:
study, learning, science
Kun:
まな.ぶ
On:
ガク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
63 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 学 【ガク】 learning, scholarship, study, erudition, knowledge, education, study of ..., -ology, -ics
  • 学生 【ガクセイ】 student (esp. a university student)
  • 語学 【ゴガク】 study of language, linguistics, foreign language study
  • 退学 【タイガク】 dropping out of school, withdrawing from school, expulsion from school, dismissal, leaving school (university, etc.) after completing a course

Kun reading compounds

  • 学ぶ 【まなぶ】 to study (in depth), to learn, to take lessons in

Readings

Japanese names:
たか、 のり
Chinese:
xue2
Korean:
hag

Spanish

  • estudio
  • aprendizaje
  • ciencia
  • estudiar

Portuguese

  • estudo
  • aprendizagem
  • ciência

French

  • étudier
  • apprendre
  • science
57 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
45 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
10 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
33 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1271 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
66 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
44 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
719 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.9 Japanese for Busy People
109 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
109 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
50 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
460 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3162 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1625 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2211 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
330 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6974 Morohashi
2555 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1294 New Nelson (John Haig)
324 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
346 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
15 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
71 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
947 2001 Kanji
3n4.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-3 SKIP code
2-3-4 SKIP code
2-5-2 SKIP code
2-3-5 SKIP code
3240.7 Four corner code
9040.7 Four corner code
19-56 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5b66 Unicode hex code