Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
sun, day
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 明 【メイ】 brightness, clarity, acumen, power of vision
  • 明確 【メイカク】 clear, precise, definite, distinct
  • 文明 【ブンメイ】 civilization, civilisation, culture, Bunmei era (1469.4.28-1487.7.20)
  • 松明 【タイマツ】 torch (made of pine, bamboo, reed, etc.), flambeau, torchlight
  • 明 【ミョウ】 vidya (wisdom), mantra, the coming (4th of July, etc.)
  • 明日 【アシタ】 tomorrow, near future
  • 光明 【コウミョウ】 bright light, hope, bright future, light emanating from a buddha or bodhisattva, symbolizing their wisdom and compassion
  • 内明 【ナイミョウ】 adhyatmavidya (inner studies, ancient Indian philosophy)
  • 明 【ミン】 Ming (dynasty of China, 1368-1644)
  • 明楽 【ミンガク】 Ming-era Chinese music (popularized in Japan during the early 17th century)

Kun reading compounds

  • 明かり 【あかり】 light, illumination, glow, gleam, lamp, light
  • 明かり窓 【あかりまど】 transom, skylight, dormer window
  • 明るい 【あかるい】 bright, colourful, cheerful, familiar (with), knowledgeable (about), fair (e.g. politics), clean
  • 明るむ 【あかるむ】 to brighten, to be refreshed
  • 明らむ 【あからむ】 to become luminous at dawn (esp. the sky)
  • 明らか 【あきらか】 obvious, evident, clear, plain
  • 明らかにする 【あきらかにする】 to make clear, to clarify, to disclose, to make public
  • 開ける 【あける】 to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock, to open (for business, etc.), to empty, to remove, to make space, to make room, to move out, to clear out, to be away from (e.g. one's house), to leave (temporarily), to dawn, to grow light, to end (of a period, season), to begin (of the New Year), to leave (one's schedule) open, to make time (for), to make (a hole), to open up (a hole)
  • 開く 【あく】 to open (e.g. doors), to open (e.g. business, etc.), to be empty, to be vacant, to be available, to be free, to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.), to have been opened (of one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to come to an end, to open (one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to have a hole, to form a gap, to have an interval (between events)
  • 明くる 【あくる】 next, following
  • 明くる 【あくる】 next, following
  • 明くる日 【あくるひ】 next day, following day
  • 明かす 【あかす】 to pass (e.g. the night), to spend, to reveal, to divulge

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 あけ、 あす、 きら、 け、 さや、 さやか、 とし、 はる、 み、 め
Chinese:
ming2
Korean:
myeong

Spanish

  • luz
  • brillo
  • claridad
  • listo
  • inteligente
  • claro
  • luminoso
  • iluminar
  • aclarar

Portuguese

  • brilhante
  • luz

French

  • clair
  • lumière
141 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
228 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
208 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
84 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2110 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
58 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
186 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
623 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.9 Japanese for Busy People
18 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
18 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
106 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
984 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1060 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
572 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
756 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
20 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13805 Morohashi
855 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2435 New Nelson (John Haig)
20 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
20 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
152 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
167 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3846 2001 Kanji
4c4.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-4 SKIP code
6702.0 Four corner code
44-32 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
660e Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
reign, be at peace, calm down, subdue, quell, govt, cure, heal, rule, conserve
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
109 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 治療 【チリョウ】 medical treatment, cure
  • 治安 【ジアン】 Jian era (1021.2.2-1024.7.13)
  • 完治 【カンチ】 complete recovery
  • 政党政治 【セイトウセイジ】 party politics
  • 治療 【チリョウ】 medical treatment, cure
  • 治癒 【チユ】 healing, cure, recovery
  • 完治 【カンチ】 complete recovery
  • 地方自治 【チホウジチ】 local (governmental) autonomy

Kun reading compounds

  • 治める 【おさめる】 to govern, to manage, to subdue
  • 治まる 【おさまる】 to die down (storm, anger, conflict, etc.), to calm down, to cool off, to abate, to be settled, to be brought under control, to be at peace, to be governed well, to subside (of pain, symptoms, etc.), to be alleviated, to get better, to ease off
  • 治る 【なおる】 to be cured, to get well, to be healed, to get mended, to be repaired, to be fixed
  • 治す 【なおす】 to cure, to heal, to fix, to correct, to repair, to do over again (after -masu base of verb), to replace, to put back as it was, to convert (into a different state), to transform

Readings

Japanese names:
し、 ぢ、 はり、 はる、 みち
Chinese:
zhi4
Korean:
chi

Spanish

  • reinar
  • gobernar
  • política
  • curar
  • calmar
  • curarse

Portuguese

  • reino
  • estar em paz
  • acalmar-se
  • subjugar
  • domar
  • governo
  • cura
  • regra
  • conservar

French

  • règne
  • être en paix
  • se calmer
  • maîtriser
  • réprimer
  • gouvernement
  • guérir
  • réparer
  • préserver
468 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
527 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
544 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
181 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2528 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
214 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
672 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
825 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
493 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
502 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
531 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1174 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
393 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
250 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
297 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
754 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17256 Morohashi
335 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3100 New Nelson (John Haig)
746 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
807 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
88 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
506 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
377 2001 Kanji
3a5.28 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-5 SKIP code
3316.0 Four corner code
28-3 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6cbb Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
sun, day
Parts:
Variants:
time, hour
Kun:
とき-どき
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
16 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 時 【ジ】 hour, o'clock, (specified) time, when ..., during ...
  • 時間 【ジカン】 time, hour
  • 臨時 【リンジ】 temporary, provisional, interim, special, extraordinary, extra
  • 随時 【ズイジ】 as needed, as occasion demands, at any time

Kun reading compounds

  • 時 【とき】 time, hour, moment, occasion, case, chance, opportunity, season, the times, the age, the day, tense
  • 時々 【ときどき】 sometimes, at times
  • 切り替え時 【きりかえとき】 time to switch over, response time
  • 逢魔が時 【おうまがとき】 twilight, time for disasters (similar to 'the witching hour' but not midnight)

Readings

Japanese names:
と、 とぎ
Chinese:
shi2
Korean:
si

Spanish

  • tiempo
  • hora
  • ocasión

Portuguese

  • tempo
  • hora

French

  • temps
  • heure
87 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
151 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
135 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
19 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2126 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
46 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
57 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1086 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
42 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
42 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
25 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
988 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1155 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
625 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
830 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
161 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13890 Morohashi
924 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2462 New Nelson (John Haig)
159 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
171 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
24 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
195 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3848 2001 Kanji
4c6.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-6 SKIP code
6404.1 Four corner code
27-94 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6642 Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
substitute, change, convert, replace, period, age, counter for decades of ages, eras, etc., generation, charge, rate, fee
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
66 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 代 【ダイ】 charge, cost, price, generation, age, reign, era, a representative of, on behalf of, for (someone), used after a phone number to indicate that it is a switchboard number, counter for decades of ages, eras, etc., counter for generations (of inheritors to a throne, etc.), proxy application company, pronoun
  • 代金 【ダイキン】 price, cost, charge, payment, bill, fee
  • 先代 【センダイ】 family predecessor, previous age, previous generation
  • 大時代 【オオジダイ】 old-fashioned, antiquated, anachronistic
  • 代謝 【タイシャ】 renewal, regeneration, metabolism
  • 代赭 【タイシャ】 red ocher (ochre)
  • 永代 【エイタイ】 permanence, eternity
  • 希代 【キタイ】 uncommon, rare, extraordinary, matchless

Kun reading compounds

  • 替わる 【かわる】 to succeed, to relieve, to replace, to take the place of, to substitute for, to take over for, to represent, to be exchanged, to change (places with), to switch
  • 代わる代わる 【かわるがわる】 alternately, by turns
  • 替わる 【かわる】 to succeed, to relieve, to replace, to take the place of, to substitute for, to take over for, to represent, to be exchanged, to change (places with), to switch
  • 代わる代わる 【かわるがわる】 alternately, by turns
  • 代わり 【かわり】 substitute, replacement, substituting, replacing, stand-in, proxy, alternate, deputy, relief, successor, compensation, exchange, return, second helping, another cup, seconds, upcoming program, upcoming programme
  • 代わりに 【かわりに】 instead of, for, as, in exchange for, in return (for), to make up for
  • 代わり 【かわり】 substitute, replacement, substituting, replacing, stand-in, proxy, alternate, deputy, relief, successor, compensation, exchange, return, second helping, another cup, seconds, upcoming program, upcoming programme
  • 代わりに 【かわりに】 instead of, for, as, in exchange for, in return (for), to make up for
  • 換える 【かえる】 to replace, to exchange, to interchange, to substitute
  • 世 【よ】 world, society, age, generation
  • 代々 【だいだい】 for generations, hereditary, generation after generation
  • 千代 【せんだい】 thousand years, very long period, forever
  • 君が代 【きみがよ】 Imperial reign, title of Japanese national anthem
  • 代 【しろ】 substitution, material, price, margin (e.g. for stapling, etc.), area required for something, shiro (unit of land area equal to one-fiftieth of a tan; ~19.83 m.sq.)
  • 代物 【しろもの】 article, goods, product, fine thing, fellow, affair, stuff, prostitute
  • 阿代 【あしろ】 Ophidion asiro (species of cusk eel)
  • 食い代 【くいしろ】 food expenses

Readings

Japanese names:
Chinese:
dai4
Korean:
dae

Spanish

  • generación
  • reinado
  • sustituir
  • reemplazar
  • relevar

Portuguese

  • substituto
  • mudança
  • convertido
  • repor
  • período
  • idade
  • geração
  • carga
  • valor
  • taxa

French

  • substituer
  • changer
  • convertir
  • remplacer
  • période
  • âge
  • ère
  • génération
  • montant d'argent
  • taux
  • prix
  • redevance
463 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
358 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
338 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
68 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
364 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
85 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
111 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
125 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.10 Japanese for Busy People
256 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
256 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
413 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
61 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
34 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
18 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
18 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1014 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
386 Morohashi
30 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
125 New Nelson (John Haig)
1005 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1080 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
87 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
257 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2156 2001 Kanji
2a3.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-3 SKIP code
2324.0 Four corner code
34-69 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4ee3 Unicode hex code