Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
sun, day
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 明 【メイ】 brightness, clarity, acumen, power of vision
  • 明確 【メイカク】 clear, precise, definite, distinct
  • 文明 【ブンメイ】 civilization, civilisation, culture, Bunmei era (1469.4.28-1487.7.20)
  • 松明 【タイマツ】 torch (made of pine, bamboo, reed, etc.), flambeau, torchlight
  • 明 【ミョウ】 vidya (wisdom), mantra, the coming (4th of July, etc.)
  • 明日 【アシタ】 tomorrow, near future
  • 光明 【コウミョウ】 bright light, hope, bright future, light emanating from a buddha or bodhisattva, symbolizing their wisdom and compassion
  • 内明 【ナイミョウ】 adhyatmavidya (inner studies, ancient Indian philosophy)
  • 明 【ミン】 Ming (dynasty of China, 1368-1644)
  • 明楽 【ミンガク】 Ming-era Chinese music (popularized in Japan during the early 17th century)

Kun reading compounds

  • 明かり 【あかり】 light, illumination, glow, gleam, lamp, light
  • 明かり窓 【あかりまど】 transom, skylight, dormer window
  • 明るい 【あかるい】 bright, colourful, cheerful, familiar (with), knowledgeable (about), fair (e.g. politics), clean
  • 明るむ 【あかるむ】 to brighten, to be refreshed
  • 明らむ 【あからむ】 to become luminous at dawn (esp. the sky)
  • 明らか 【あきらか】 obvious, evident, clear, plain
  • 明らかにする 【あきらかにする】 to make clear, to clarify, to disclose, to make public
  • 開ける 【あける】 to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock, to open (for business, etc.), to empty, to remove, to make space, to make room, to move out, to clear out, to be away from (e.g. one's house), to leave (temporarily), to dawn, to grow light, to end (of a period, season), to begin (of the New Year), to leave (one's schedule) open, to make time (for), to make (a hole), to open up (a hole)
  • 開く 【あく】 to open (e.g. doors), to open (e.g. business, etc.), to be empty, to be vacant, to be available, to be free, to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.), to have been opened (of one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to come to an end, to open (one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to have a hole, to form a gap, to have an interval (between events)
  • 明くる 【あくる】 next, following
  • 明くる 【あくる】 next, following
  • 明くる日 【あくるひ】 next day, following day
  • 明かす 【あかす】 to pass (e.g. the night), to spend, to reveal, to divulge

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 あけ、 あす、 きら、 け、 さや、 さやか、 とし、 はる、 み、 め
Chinese:
ming2
Korean:
myeong

Spanish

  • luz
  • brillo
  • claridad
  • listo
  • inteligente
  • claro
  • luminoso
  • iluminar
  • aclarar

Portuguese

  • brilhante
  • luz

French

  • clair
  • lumière
141 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
228 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
208 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
84 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2110 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
58 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
186 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
623 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.9 Japanese for Busy People
18 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
18 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
106 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
984 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1060 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
572 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
756 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
20 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13805 Morohashi
855 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2435 New Nelson (John Haig)
20 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
20 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
152 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
167 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3846 2001 Kanji
4c4.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-4 SKIP code
6702.0 Four corner code
44-32 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
660e Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
reign, be at peace, calm down, subdue, quell, govt, cure, heal, rule, conserve
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
109 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 治療 【チリョウ】 medical treatment, cure
  • 治安 【ジアン】 Jian era (1021.2.2-1024.7.13)
  • 完治 【カンチ】 complete recovery
  • 政党政治 【セイトウセイジ】 party politics
  • 治療 【チリョウ】 medical treatment, cure
  • 治癒 【チユ】 healing, cure, recovery
  • 完治 【カンチ】 complete recovery
  • 地方自治 【チホウジチ】 local (governmental) autonomy

Kun reading compounds

  • 治める 【おさめる】 to govern, to manage, to subdue
  • 治まる 【おさまる】 to die down (storm, anger, conflict, etc.), to calm down, to cool off, to abate, to be settled, to be brought under control, to be at peace, to be governed well, to subside (of pain, symptoms, etc.), to be alleviated, to get better, to ease off
  • 治る 【なおる】 to be cured, to get well, to be healed, to get mended, to be repaired, to be fixed
  • 治す 【なおす】 to cure, to heal, to fix, to correct, to repair, to do over again (after -masu base of verb), to replace, to put back as it was, to convert (into a different state), to transform

Readings

Japanese names:
し、 ぢ、 はり、 はる、 みち
Chinese:
zhi4
Korean:
chi

Spanish

  • reinar
  • gobernar
  • política
  • curar
  • calmar
  • curarse

Portuguese

  • reino
  • estar em paz
  • acalmar-se
  • subjugar
  • domar
  • governo
  • cura
  • regra
  • conservar

French

  • règne
  • être en paix
  • se calmer
  • maîtriser
  • réprimer
  • gouvernement
  • guérir
  • réparer
  • préserver
468 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
527 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
544 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
181 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2528 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
214 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
672 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
825 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
493 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
502 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
531 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1174 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
393 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
250 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
297 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
754 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17256 Morohashi
335 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3100 New Nelson (John Haig)
746 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
807 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
88 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
506 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
377 2001 Kanji
3a5.28 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-5 SKIP code
3316.0 Four corner code
28-3 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6cbb Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
big, very
Parts:
large, big
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
7 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 大 【ダイ】 the large part of, big, large, great, approximate size, no larger than, -university, large (e.g. serving size), loud (e.g. volume setting)
  • 大学 【ダイガク】 post-secondary education institution, incl. university, college, etc., former central university of Kyoto (established under the ritsuryo system for the training of government administrators), the Great Learning (one of the Four Books)
  • 膨大 【ボウダイ】 huge, vast, enormous, colossal, extensive, large, swelling, expansion
  • 雄大 【ユウダイ】 grand, magnificent, majestic, great, sublime
  • 大切 【タイセツ】 important, necessary, indispensable, beloved, precious, dear, cherished, valuable, careful
  • 大使館 【タイシカン】 embassy
  • 負荷増大 【フカゾウタイ】 load increase
  • 御大 【オンタイ】 boss, governor

Kun reading compounds

  • 大きい 【おおきい】 big, large, great, loud

Readings

Japanese names:
うふ、 お、 おう、 た、 たかし、 とも、 はじめ、 ひろ、 ひろし、 まさ、 まさる、 もと、 わ
Chinese:
da4, dai4
Korean:
dae, da, tae

Spanish

  • grande
  • muy
  • mucho

Portuguese

  • grande
  • enorme

French

  • grand
22 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
25 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
53 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
7 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1171 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
32 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
40 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
48 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.2 Japanese for Busy People
26 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
26 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
87 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
408 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4224 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2133 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2882 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
108 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5831 Morohashi
3416 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1133 New Nelson (John Haig)
107 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
112 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
5 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
14 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1463 2001 Kanji
0a3.18 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-4 SKIP code
4003.0 Four corner code
34-71 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5927 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
child, seed
Parts:
Variants:
study, learning, science
Kun:
まな.ぶ
On:
ガク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
63 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 学 【ガク】 learning, scholarship, study, erudition, knowledge, education, study of ..., -ology, -ics
  • 学生 【ガクセイ】 student (esp. a university student)
  • 語学 【ゴガク】 study of language, linguistics, foreign language study
  • 退学 【タイガク】 dropping out of school, withdrawing from school, expulsion from school, dismissal, leaving school (university, etc.) after completing a course

Kun reading compounds

  • 学ぶ 【まなぶ】 to study (in depth), to learn, to take lessons in

Readings

Japanese names:
たか、 のり
Chinese:
xue2
Korean:
hag

Spanish

  • estudio
  • aprendizaje
  • ciencia
  • estudiar

Portuguese

  • estudo
  • aprendizagem
  • ciência

French

  • étudier
  • apprendre
  • science
57 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
45 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
10 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
33 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1271 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
66 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
44 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
719 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.9 Japanese for Busy People
109 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
109 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
50 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
460 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3162 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1625 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2211 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
330 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6974 Morohashi
2555 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1294 New Nelson (John Haig)
324 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
346 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
15 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
71 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
947 2001 Kanji
3n4.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-3 SKIP code
2-3-4 SKIP code
2-5-2 SKIP code
2-3-5 SKIP code
3240.7 Four corner code
9040.7 Four corner code
19-56 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5b66 Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
arrow
Parts:
short, brevity, fault, defect, weak point
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N2
689 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 短 【タン】 fault, defect, weak point, minor
  • 短期 【タンキ】 short-term
  • 長短 【チョウタン】 length, long and short, advantages and disadvantages, pluses and minuses, strong and weak points, merits and demerits
  • 車高短 【シャコウタン】 car with the body lowered, lowrider

Kun reading compounds

  • 短い 【みじかい】 short

Readings

Chinese:
duan3
Korean:
dan

Spanish

  • pequeño
  • breve
  • defecto
  • corto

Portuguese

  • curto
  • brevidade
  • falta
  • defeito
  • ponto fraco

French

  • court
  • bref
  • faute
  • défaut
  • point faible
466 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
362 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
342 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
789 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3172 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
261 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
230 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1633 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
215 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
215 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
90 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1395 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1515 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
801 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1093 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1454 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
23978 Morohashi
1182 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3982 New Nelson (John Haig)
1442 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1550 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
403 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2373 2001 Kanji
3d9.27 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-7 SKIP code
8141.8 Four corner code
35-27 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
77ed Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
moon, month
Parts:
Variants:
period, time, date, term
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
117 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 期 【キ】 period, time, age, term (e.g. in office), period, session (e.g. of parliament), stage (e.g. disease)
  • 期間 【キカン】 period, term, interval
  • 延期 【エンキ】 postponement, deferment, adjournment
  • 時期 【ジキ】 time, season, period, phase, stage
  • 期日 【キジツ】 fixed date, settlement date
  • 期す 【キス】 to expect, to look forward to, to set (a date, etc.), to resolve, to pledge (to oneself), to vow
  • 最期 【サイゴ】 one's last moment, one's death, one's end
  • 一期 【イチゴ】 one's life time, lifetime

Readings

Chinese:
ji1, qi1, qi2
Korean:
gi

Spanish

  • período
  • plazo
  • intención
  • propósito

Portuguese

  • período
  • tempo
  • data
  • termo

French

  • période
  • temps
  • date
  • terme
183 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
269 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
251 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
119 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3785 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
619 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
614 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1671 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
449 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
456 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
690 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1008 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2139 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1120 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1520 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1781 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14378 Morohashi
1704 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4836 New Nelson (John Haig)
1765 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1902 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
247 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
394 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1946 2001 Kanji
4b8.11 The Kanji Dictionary
1-8-4 SKIP code
4782.0 Four corner code
20-92 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
671f Unicode hex code