Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
sun, day
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 明 【メイ】 brightness, clarity, acumen, power of vision
  • 明確 【メイカク】 clear, precise, definite, distinct
  • 文明 【ブンメイ】 civilization, civilisation, culture, Bunmei era (1469.4.28-1487.7.20)
  • 松明 【タイマツ】 torch (made of pine, bamboo, reed, etc.), flambeau, torchlight
  • 明 【ミョウ】 vidya (wisdom), mantra, the coming (4th of July, etc.)
  • 明日 【アシタ】 tomorrow, near future
  • 光明 【コウミョウ】 bright light, hope, bright future, light emanating from a buddha or bodhisattva, symbolizing their wisdom and compassion
  • 内明 【ナイミョウ】 adhyatmavidya (inner studies, ancient Indian philosophy)
  • 明 【ミン】 Ming (dynasty of China, 1368-1644)
  • 明楽 【ミンガク】 Ming-era Chinese music (popularized in Japan during the early 17th century)

Kun reading compounds

  • 明かり 【あかり】 light, illumination, glow, gleam, lamp, light
  • 明かり窓 【あかりまど】 transom, skylight, dormer window
  • 明るい 【あかるい】 bright, colourful, cheerful, familiar (with), knowledgeable (about), fair (e.g. politics), clean
  • 明るむ 【あかるむ】 to brighten, to be refreshed
  • 明らむ 【あからむ】 to become luminous at dawn (esp. the sky)
  • 明らか 【あきらか】 obvious, evident, clear, plain
  • 明らかにする 【あきらかにする】 to make clear, to clarify, to disclose, to make public
  • 開ける 【あける】 to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock, to open (for business, etc.), to empty, to remove, to make space, to make room, to move out, to clear out, to be away from (e.g. one's house), to leave (temporarily), to dawn, to grow light, to end (of a period, season), to begin (of the New Year), to leave (one's schedule) open, to make time (for), to make (a hole), to open up (a hole)
  • 開く 【あく】 to open (e.g. doors), to open (e.g. business, etc.), to be empty, to be vacant, to be available, to be free, to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.), to have been opened (of one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to come to an end, to open (one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to have a hole, to form a gap, to have an interval (between events)
  • 明くる 【あくる】 next, following
  • 明くる 【あくる】 next, following
  • 明くる日 【あくるひ】 next day, following day
  • 明かす 【あかす】 to pass (e.g. the night), to spend, to reveal, to divulge

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 あけ、 あす、 きら、 け、 さや、 さやか、 とし、 はる、 み、 め
Chinese:
ming2
Korean:
myeong

Spanish

  • luz
  • brillo
  • claridad
  • listo
  • inteligente
  • claro
  • luminoso
  • iluminar
  • aclarar

Portuguese

  • brilhante
  • luz

French

  • clair
  • lumière
141 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
228 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
208 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
84 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2110 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
58 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
186 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
623 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.9 Japanese for Busy People
18 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
18 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
106 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
984 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1060 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
572 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
756 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
20 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13805 Morohashi
855 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2435 New Nelson (John Haig)
20 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
20 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
152 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
167 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3846 2001 Kanji
4c4.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-4 SKIP code
6702.0 Four corner code
44-32 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
660e Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
reign, be at peace, calm down, subdue, quell, govt, cure, heal, rule, conserve
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
109 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 治療 【チリョウ】 medical treatment, cure
  • 治安 【ジアン】 Jian era (1021.2.2-1024.7.13)
  • 完治 【カンチ】 complete recovery
  • 政党政治 【セイトウセイジ】 party politics
  • 治療 【チリョウ】 medical treatment, cure
  • 治癒 【チユ】 healing, cure, recovery
  • 完治 【カンチ】 complete recovery
  • 地方自治 【チホウジチ】 local (governmental) autonomy

Kun reading compounds

  • 治める 【おさめる】 to govern, to manage, to subdue
  • 治まる 【おさまる】 to die down (storm, anger, conflict, etc.), to calm down, to cool off, to abate, to be settled, to be brought under control, to be at peace, to be governed well, to subside (of pain, symptoms, etc.), to be alleviated, to get better, to ease off
  • 治る 【なおる】 to be cured, to get well, to be healed, to get mended, to be repaired, to be fixed
  • 治す 【なおす】 to cure, to heal, to fix, to correct, to repair, to do over again (after -masu base of verb), to replace, to put back as it was, to convert (into a different state), to transform

Readings

Japanese names:
し、 ぢ、 はり、 はる、 みち
Chinese:
zhi4
Korean:
chi

Spanish

  • reinar
  • gobernar
  • política
  • curar
  • calmar
  • curarse

Portuguese

  • reino
  • estar em paz
  • acalmar-se
  • subjugar
  • domar
  • governo
  • cura
  • regra
  • conservar

French

  • règne
  • être en paix
  • se calmer
  • maîtriser
  • réprimer
  • gouvernement
  • guérir
  • réparer
  • préserver
468 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
527 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
544 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
181 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2528 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
214 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
672 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
825 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
493 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
502 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
531 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1174 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
393 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
250 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
297 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
754 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17256 Morohashi
335 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3100 New Nelson (John Haig)
746 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
807 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
88 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
506 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
377 2001 Kanji
3a5.28 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-5 SKIP code
3316.0 Four corner code
28-3 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6cbb Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
enclosure
Parts:
Variants:
country
Kun:
くに
On:
コク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
3 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 国民 【コクミン】 nation, nationality, people, citizen
  • 国語 【コクゴ】 national language, Japanese language (often as a school subject in Japan), native Japanese words (as opposed to loanwords)
  • 不法入国 【フホウニュウコク】 illegal entry (intro a country), illegal immigration
  • 最恵国 【サイケイコク】 most favored nation, most favoured nation, MFN

Kun reading compounds

  • 国 【くに】 country, state, region, national government, central government, home (i.e. hometown, home country), province (of Japan), land, earth
  • 国境 【こっきょう】 national border, provincial border
  • お国 【おくに】 your native country, your hometown, my home country (i.e. Japan), countryside, country, daimyo's territory (Edo period)
  • 根堅州国 【ねのかたすくに】 underworld, netherworld

Readings

Japanese names:
くな、 こ
Chinese:
guo2
Korean:
gug

Spanish

  • país

Portuguese

  • País
  • terra
  • nação

French

  • pays
79 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
136 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
123 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
8 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1037 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
111 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
36 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
745 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
40 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
40 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
151 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
344 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3831 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2659 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
588 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4752 Morohashi
3087 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
950 New Nelson (John Haig)
581 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
624 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
4 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
158 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3172 2001 Kanji
3s5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-5 SKIP code
6010.3 Four corner code
25-81 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56fd Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
mound, dam (阝 left) 阜 (阝)
Parts:
occasion, side, edge, verge, dangerous, adventurous, indecent, time, when
Kun:
きわ-ぎわ
On:
サイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
183 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 際 【サイ】 on the occasion of, circumstances, juncture
  • 際限 【サイゲン】 limits, end, bounds
  • 国際 【コクサイ】 international
  • 学際 【ガクサイ】 interdisciplinary

Kun reading compounds

  • 際 【きわ】 edge, brink, verge, side, time, moment of
  • 際立つ 【きわだつ】 to be prominent, to be conspicuous
  • 今際の際 【いまわのきわ】 verge of death, dying moments

Readings

Japanese names:
Chinese:
ji4
Korean:
je

Spanish

  • límite
  • frontera
  • asociación
  • unión
  • ocasión

Portuguese

  • ocasião
  • lado
  • margem
  • limite
  • indecente
  • ousado
  • perigoso
  • vez
  • quando

French

  • occasion
  • côté
  • accotement
  • bord
  • dangereux
  • aventureux
  • indécent
  • temps
  • quand
612 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
710 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
683 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
300 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5018 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
424 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
992 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2073 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
618 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
628 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
474 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
750 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
874 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
503 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
646 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1305 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41820 Morohashi
714 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6478 New Nelson (John Haig)
1296 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1392 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
189 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
789 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3641 2001 Kanji
2d11.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-11 SKIP code
1-2-11 SKIP code
7729.1 Four corner code
26-61 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
969b Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
hiding enclosure
Parts:
Variants:
doctor, medicine
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
437 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 医 【イ】 medicine, the healing art, healing, curing, doctor
  • 医者 【イシャ】 (medical) doctor, physician
  • 軍医 【グンイ】 military physician or surgeon
  • 校医 【コウイ】 school doctor

Kun reading compounds

  • 医する 【いする】 to cure, to heal
  • 薬師 【くすし】 doctor

Readings

Chinese:
yi1
Korean:
ye, eui

Spanish

  • doctor
  • médico
  • medicina
  • curar

Portuguese

  • doutor
  • remédio

French

  • médecin
  • docteur
345 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
244 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
225 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
555 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
763 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
440 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
132 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
743 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.20 Japanese for Busy People
220 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
220 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
325 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
237 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3715 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1902 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2583 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1710 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2680 Morohashi
2993 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
590 New Nelson (John Haig)
1694 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1829 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
277 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3475 2001 Kanji
2t5.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-5 SKIP code
7171.3 Four corner code
16-69 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
533b Unicode hex code

17 strokes
Radical:
sickness
Parts:
heal, cure
On:
リョウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
600 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 療養 【リョウヨウ】 recuperation, medical treatment
  • 療法 【リョウホウ】 therapy, treatment, remedy, cure
  • 医療 【イリョウ】 medical care, medical treatment
  • 早期治療 【ソウキチリョウ】 early treatment

Readings

Chinese:
liao2
Korean:
ryo

Spanish

  • curar
  • cicatrizar
  • sanar

Portuguese

  • cura
  • curar

French

  • soins
  • traitement
1911 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
837 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3078 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1705 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
751 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1322 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1404 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1362 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1357 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4078 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2067 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2803 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1725 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
22500 Morohashi
3288 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3842 New Nelson (John Haig)
1709 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1845 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1876 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
541 2001 Kanji
5i12.3 The Kanji Dictionary
3-5-12 SKIP code
0019.6 Four corner code
46-37 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7642 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
big, very
Parts:
large, big
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
7 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 大 【ダイ】 the large part of, big, large, great, approximate size, no larger than, -university, large (e.g. serving size), loud (e.g. volume setting)
  • 大学 【ダイガク】 post-secondary education institution, incl. university, college, etc., former central university of Kyoto (established under the ritsuryo system for the training of government administrators), the Great Learning (one of the Four Books)
  • 膨大 【ボウダイ】 huge, vast, enormous, colossal, extensive, large, swelling, expansion
  • 雄大 【ユウダイ】 grand, magnificent, majestic, great, sublime
  • 大切 【タイセツ】 important, necessary, indispensable, beloved, precious, dear, cherished, valuable, careful
  • 大使館 【タイシカン】 embassy
  • 負荷増大 【フカゾウタイ】 load increase
  • 御大 【オンタイ】 boss, governor

Kun reading compounds

  • 大きい 【おおきい】 big, large, great, loud

Readings

Japanese names:
うふ、 お、 おう、 た、 たかし、 とも、 はじめ、 ひろ、 ひろし、 まさ、 まさる、 もと、 わ
Chinese:
da4, dai4
Korean:
dae, da, tae

Spanish

  • grande
  • muy
  • mucho

Portuguese

  • grande
  • enorme

French

  • grand
22 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
25 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
53 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
7 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1171 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
32 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
40 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
48 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.2 Japanese for Busy People
26 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
26 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
87 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
408 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4224 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2133 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2882 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
108 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5831 Morohashi
3416 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1133 New Nelson (John Haig)
107 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
112 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
5 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
14 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1463 2001 Kanji
0a3.18 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-4 SKIP code
4003.0 Four corner code
34-71 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5927 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
child, seed
Parts:
Variants:
study, learning, science
Kun:
まな.ぶ
On:
ガク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
63 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 学 【ガク】 learning, scholarship, study, erudition, knowledge, education, study of ..., -ology, -ics
  • 学生 【ガクセイ】 student (esp. a university student)
  • 語学 【ゴガク】 study of language, linguistics, foreign language study
  • 退学 【タイガク】 dropping out of school, withdrawing from school, expulsion from school, dismissal, leaving school (university, etc.) after completing a course

Kun reading compounds

  • 学ぶ 【まなぶ】 to study (in depth), to learn, to take lessons in

Readings

Japanese names:
たか、 のり
Chinese:
xue2
Korean:
hag

Spanish

  • estudio
  • aprendizaje
  • ciencia
  • estudiar

Portuguese

  • estudo
  • aprendizagem
  • ciência

French

  • étudier
  • apprendre
  • science
57 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
45 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
10 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
33 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1271 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
66 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
44 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
719 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.9 Japanese for Busy People
109 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
109 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
50 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
460 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3162 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1625 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2211 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
330 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6974 Morohashi
2555 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1294 New Nelson (John Haig)
324 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
346 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
15 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
71 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
947 2001 Kanji
3n4.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-3 SKIP code
2-3-4 SKIP code
2-5-2 SKIP code
2-3-5 SKIP code
3240.7 Four corner code
9040.7 Four corner code
19-56 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5b66 Unicode hex code