Jisho

×

9 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
castle
Kun:
しろ
On:
ジョウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N2
795 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 城 【ジョウ】 castle (in place names)
  • 城内 【ジョウナイ】 inside of a castle, area surrounded by castle walls
  • 荒城 【コウジョウ】 ruined castle
  • 開城 【カイジョウ】 capitulation (of fort)

Kun reading compounds

  • 城 【しろ】 castle
  • 城跡 【しろあと】 castle site, ruins of a castle

Readings

Japanese names:
いく、 がき、 き、 くに、 ぐしく、 ぐすく、 しき、 すく、 ぜい、 たち、 なり
Chinese:
cheng2
Korean:
seong

Spanish

  • castillo

Portuguese

  • Castelo

French

  • château
914 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
903 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
638 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1078 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
886 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
433 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
796 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
720 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
733 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
942 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
374 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
417 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
261 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
312 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
368 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5086P Morohashi
352 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1011 New Nelson (John Haig)
362 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
387 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
884 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1459 2001 Kanji
3b6.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-6 SKIP code
4315.0 Four corner code
30-75 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
57ce Unicode hex code

11 strokes (also 10)
Radical:
town (阝 right) 邑 (阝)
Parts:
enclosure, quarters, fortification, red-light district
Kun:
くるわ
On:
カク
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1670 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 廓 【クルワ】 district, quarter, enclosure, area enclosed by earthwork, red-light district, wide and empty
  • 廓清 【カクセイ】 purification, cleaning up, purging
  • 外郭 【ガイカク】 outer wall (e.g. castle), outer block (enclosure), outline, contour
  • 遊郭 【ユウカク】 red light district

Kun reading compounds

  • 廓 【くるわ】 district, quarter, enclosure, area enclosed by earthwork, red-light district, wide and empty
  • 郭言葉 【くるわことば】 sociolect or secret language used by prostitutes in red-light districts (Edo period), vulgar words used by prostitutes (Edo period)

Readings

Japanese names:
ひろ
Chinese:
guo1
Korean:
gwag

Spanish

  • cerco
  • recinto
  • fortificación

Portuguese

  • cercado
  • quarteirão
  • fortificação
  • bairro das prostitutas

French

  • enceinte
  • quartiers
  • fortifications
  • quartier chaud
1076 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1770 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4765 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1793 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1829 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1417 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1673 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1788 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1773 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
759 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2112 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1100 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1499 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1859 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
39474 Morohashi
1678 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6144 New Nelson (John Haig)
1842 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1985 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1492 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
444 2001 Kanji
2d7.14 The Kanji Dictionary
1-8-3 SKIP code
1-8-2 SKIP code
1-7-2 SKIP code
1-7-3 SKIP code
0742.7 Four corner code
19-52 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
90ed Unicode hex code

11 strokes (also 10)
Radical:
town (阝 right) 邑 (阝)
Parts:
metropolis, capital, all, everything
Kun:
みやこ
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
123 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 都 【ト】 metropolitan, municipal
  • 都会 【トカイ】 city, Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly
  • 遷都 【セント】 relocation of the capital, transfer of the capital
  • 東都 【トウト】 the Eastern Capital (now Tokyo), Yedo, Edo
  • 都合 【ツゴウ】 circumstances, condition, convenience, to arrange, to manage, to lend money, to raise money, in all, in total, all told
  • 都合がいい 【ツゴウガイイ】 convenient

Kun reading compounds

  • 都 【みやこ】 capital, metropolis
  • 都入り 【みやこいり】 arriving in the capital
  • 森の都 【もりのみやこ】 tree-clad town
  • 住めば都 【すめばみやこ】 you can get used to living anywhere, home is where you make it, wherever I lay my hat is home

Readings

Japanese names:
くに、 ず、 ち、 づめ、 みや
Chinese:
du1, dou1
Korean:
do

Spanish

  • metrópoli
  • capital

Portuguese

  • metropole
  • capital

French

  • métropole
  • capitale
287 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
376 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
355 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
92 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4769 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
173 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
265 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1419 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.12 Japanese for Busy People
188 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
188 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
338 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
761 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2120 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1106 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1505 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1863 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
39497P Morohashi
1686 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6148 New Nelson (John Haig)
1846 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1989 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
384 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1444 2001 Kanji
2d8.13 The Kanji Dictionary
1-8-3 SKIP code
1-8-2 SKIP code
4762.7 Four corner code
37-52 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
90fd Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
turban, scarf
Parts:
market, city, town
Kun:
いち
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
42 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 市 【シ】 city
  • 市民 【シミン】 citizen, citizenry, public, city inhabitant, townspeople, bourgeoisie, middle class
  • 同市 【ドウシ】 same city
  • 田園都市 【デンエントシ】 rural or garden city

Kun reading compounds

  • 市 【いち】 market, fair
  • 市場 【いちば】 (town) market, (the) marketplace
  • 骨董市 【こっとういち】 antique market, flea market
  • 草市 【くさいち】 flower market during obon

Readings

Japanese names:
い、 ち
Chinese:
shi4
Korean:
si

Spanish

  • mercado
  • ciudad

Portuguese

  • mercado
  • cidade

French

  • marché
  • ville
  • cité
222 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
144 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
130 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
78 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
284 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
119 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
162 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
195 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.4 Japanese for Busy People
181 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
181 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
547 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
556 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2487 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1258 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1724 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
419 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
8775 Morohashi
1993 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1549 New Nelson (John Haig)
412 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
440 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
305 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
109 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
444 2001 Kanji
2j3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-3 SKIP code
4-4-3 SKIP code
0022.7 Four corner code
27-52 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5e02 Unicode hex code