Jisho

×

9 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
castle
Kun:
しろ
On:
ジョウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N2
795 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 城 【ジョウ】 castle (in place names)
  • 城内 【ジョウナイ】 inside of a castle, area surrounded by castle walls
  • 荒城 【コウジョウ】 ruined castle
  • 開城 【カイジョウ】 capitulation (of fort)

Kun reading compounds

  • 城 【しろ】 castle
  • 城跡 【しろあと】 castle site, ruins of a castle

Readings

Japanese names:
いく、 がき、 き、 くに、 ぐしく、 ぐすく、 しき、 すく、 ぜい、 たち、 なり
Chinese:
cheng2
Korean:
seong

Spanish

  • castillo

Portuguese

  • Castelo

French

  • château
914 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
903 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
638 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1078 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
886 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
433 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
796 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
720 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
733 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
942 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
374 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
417 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
261 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
312 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
368 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5086P Morohashi
352 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1011 New Nelson (John Haig)
362 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
387 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
884 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1459 2001 Kanji
3b6.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-6 SKIP code
4315.0 Four corner code
30-75 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
57ce Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:
below, down, descend, give, low, inferior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
97 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 下 【カ】 under (being in said condition or environment)
  • 下位 【カイ】 low rank, subordinate, lower order (e.g. byte), low-end
  • 城下 【ジョウカ】 land near a castle, castle town
  • 陛下 【ヘイカ】 your Majesty, his Majesty, her Majesty
  • 下 【ゲ】 lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority, second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
  • 下宿 【ゲシュク】 boarding, lodging, boarding house
  • 高下 【コウゲ】 rise and fall (e.g. prices), fluctuation, difference (rank, grade, quality, etc.), variation
  • 帯下 【タイゲ】 leukorrhoea, leucorrhoea, leukorrhea, leucorrhea, mucous discharge from female genitals

Kun reading compounds

  • 下 【した】 below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter), bottom, beneath, underneath, just after, right after, inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), trade-in, preliminary, preparatory
  • 下着 【したぎ】 underwear
  • 上下 【うえした】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upside-down
  • 幕下 【まくした】 third highest division, wrestlers of the third highest division
  • 下 【しも】 lower reaches (of a river), bottom, lower part, lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses, end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan), dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
  • 下手 【しもて】 lower part, foot, lower direction, left part of the stage (audience's or camera's POV), stage right (actor's POV)
  • 風下 【かざしも】 leeward, lee, downwind
  • 裃 【かみしも】 samurai costume, old ceremonial costume, top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
  • 下 【もと】 under (esp. influence or guidance)
  • 山元 【やまもと】 foot of a mountain, base of a mountain, mine, colliery, owner of a mountain, operator of a mine
  • お膝元 【おひざもと】 home territory of a powerful figure, Imperial Court, businessman's turf, Shogun's headquarters
  • 下げる 【さげる】 to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration), to lower, to reduce, to bring down, to demote, to move back, to pull back, to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar)
  • 下がる 【さがる】 to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower, to hang, to dangle, to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire, to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded, to get closer to the present day, to go south
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, (often in neg. form) to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea
  • 下り 【くだり】 down-train (going away from Tokyo), down-slope, downward going
  • 下り坂 【くだりざか】 descent, downhill, decline, waning
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to judge, to hand down a verdict, to pass sentence, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass excrement
  • 下さる 【くださる】 to give, to confer, to bestow, to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down (e.g. flag), to launch (e.g. boat), to drop, to lower (e.g. ladder), to let (a person) off, to unload, to discharge, to drop off (a passenger from a vehicle), to let (a person) off, to withdraw money from an account, to wear (clothing) for the first time, to fillet (e.g. a fish)
  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 しと
Chinese:
xia4
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • debajo
  • inferior
  • debajo de
  • parte inferior

Portuguese

  • baixo
  • abaixo
  • descende
  • inferior
  • sub
  • sob

French

  • au-dessous
  • descendre
  • bas
  • donner (vous me donnez)
  • inférieur
21 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
24 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
7 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
72 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
9 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
30 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
6 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
46 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
31 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
4 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4186 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2115 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
50 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14 Morohashi
3378 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
9 New Nelson (John Haig)
50 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
51 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
75 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
13 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
2m1.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
1023.0 Four corner code
18-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0b Unicode hex code